H CS 17

Prosperity, Depression and the New Deal (1919-1941)

The Post-World War I period was characterized by economic, social and political turmoil. Post-war prosperity brought about changes to American popular culture. However, economic disruptions growing out the war years led to worldwide depression. The United States attempted to deal with the Great Depression through economic programs created by the federal government.

Content Statement

17. Racial intolerance, anti-immigrant attitudes and the Red Scare contributed to social unrest after World War I.

Content Elaborations

The Great Migration of African Americans to northern cities heightened racial tensions there and led to a series of urban race riots in 1919. Lynchings and the enforcement of Jim Crow legislation continued in the South during the post-war era.

Racial intolerance also was seen in the revival of the Ku Klux Klan across the United States.

An increase in immigration to the United States from southern and eastern Europe preceded World War I. Nativism after the
war was reflected in the passage of immigration quotas. Intolerance toward immigrants, Catholics and Jews was exhibited by groups such as the Ku Klux Klan.

The success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia followed by post-war labor strikes and a series of bombs sent to public and business officials in the United States stirred fears of revolution among Americans. The Red Scare of 1919-1920 was a reaction to these perceived threats and led to the incarceration and deportation of many aliens.

Expectations for Learning

Describe how racial intolerance, anti-immigrant attitudes and the Red Scare contributed to social unrest after World War I.