H Unit 5 – The Cold War

Content Statements Addressed

  • H CS 23
  • 1 week of instruction

Learning Targets

  1. Explain why the US pursued the development of the atomic bomb.
  2. Analyze President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs upon Japan.
  3. Predict the impact of the dropping of the atomic bomb upon nations other than Japan.
  4. Identify how the balance of power was altered following the conclusion of World War II.

Vocabulary

  • Fission
  • Cold War
  • Deterrence
  • Enola Gay
  • Hiroshima/Nagasaki

Learning Strategies

  • Analyze alternatives to the dropping of the atomic bomb and predict what the consequences of those alternatives might have been.
  • Compare the nature of global affairs in the roughly “bipolar” world following World War II versus the “multipolar” world that followed World War I.

Diverse Learners Strategies

  • Describe the consequences of dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
  • Hypothesize the consequences of the US utilizing its strength as the dominant world power and sole possessor of atomic weapons had the United States continued to do battle with totalitarianism by waging war against its (now former) communist wartime allies.

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 Content Statements Addressed

  • H CS 24
  • 1 week of instruction

Learning Targets

  1. Analyze the reasons for the development of the Cold War
  2. Explain how “containment” came to characterize the foreign policy of the United States
  3. Predict what would likely have transpired had the US not implemented the Marshall Plan

Vocabulary

  • Containment
  • Massive Retaliation
  • NATO
  • Communism
  • Cold War
  • The Yalta Conference
  • The Marshall Plan
  • The Truman Doctrine

Learning Strategies

  • On a global map, illustrate which nations fell into which sphere of influence during the Cold War period.
  • Describe an experience for a contemporary teenager establishing commitments to others analogous to that of the nations which joined together to form NATO and analyze the pros and cons of such an association.

Diverse Learners Strategies

  • Explain what the policy of “containment” was and identify three different examples of it from the Cold War period.
  • Compare and contrast the policy of “containment” with contemporary American foreign policy.  Extrapolate and present to the class findings in which modern foreign policy is a product of our experience during the Cold War.

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Content Statements Addressed

  • H CS 25
  • 1 week of instruction

Learning Targets

  1. Compare and contrast the Second Red Scare to the hysteria regarding communism following World War I.
  2. Explain why paranoia regarding communism was particularly insidious during the 1950’s.
  3. Identify the effects and consequences of the Second Red Scare upon US society during the 1950’s.

Vocabulary

  • Red Scare
  • McCarthyism
  • Julius & Ethel Rosenberg
  • Paranoia
  • Alger Hiss

Learning Strategies

  • Design a journal describing the experiences of an American alleged to be a communist during the Second Red Scare.
  • Create a presentation comparing the impact of the Second Red Scare to present-day paranoia regarding fundamentalist terrorists.

Diverse Learners Strategies

  • Describe what happened to three different Americans alleged to have been communists during the 1950’s.
  • Articulate why Senator Joseph McCarthy’s communist “witch-hunts” found such a receptive audience during the 1950’s.  Predict how their impact might have been different had television not become widely-available during this era.

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Content Statements Addressed

  • H CS 26
  • 1 week of instruction

Learning Targets

  1. Analyze whether Cuba, Korea, and Vietnam were or were not crucial to the security of the United States during the 1950’s and 60’s.
  2. Explain to what extent the world approached global nuclear war during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  3. Analyze the impact of the anti-war movement upon US foreign policy during the 1960’s and 70’s and contrast it with the lack of such a movement during the Korean War of the 1950’s.

Vocabulary

  • Cold War
  • Douglas MacArthur
  • Communism
  • United Nations
  • Police Action
  • Yalu River
  • Cease-fire/Armistice
  • Domino Theory
  • Bay of Pigs
  • Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Indochina
  • Anti-War Movement
  • Flexible Response

Learning Strategies

  • Analyze political cartoons from both the Korean and Vietnam War eras and evaluate how US involvement in each was regarded.  Explain why such a difference would have existed.
  • Compare the foreign policy stances of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon and assess the reasons for the changes in policy during their presidencies.

Diverse Learners Strategies

  • Name three different conflicts from the Cold War era and articulate the issue being contested and the combatants in each conflict.
  • Design an alternative scenario in which the United States did not become involved in directly combatting communist aggression, and evaluate how that disengagement would have affected the United States domestically in regard to Johnson’s Great Society programs and the civil rights movement.

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Content Statements Addressed

  • H CS 27
  • 1 week of instruction

Learning Targets

  1. Analyze the reasons for the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.
  2. Explain the impact upon the US of the fall of communism and the Soviet Bloc.

Vocabulary

  • Soviet Union
  • Berlin Wall
  • Warsaw Pact
  • Reunification
  • Perestroika
  • Glasnost
  • Gorbachev
  • Reagan

Learning Strategies

  • Evaluate the reasons why Gorbachev’s reform initiatives were insufficient in saving the Soviet Union and maintaining its influence over the Warsaw Pact.
  • Analyze the opportunity cost of President Reagan’s military expenditures and evaluate if the demise of the Soviet bloc warranted such costs, as well as whether communism would have collapsed regardless of those policies.

Diverse Learners Strategies

  • Explain the policies of “Perestroika” and “Glasnost.”
  • Analyze why, in spite of the demise of the Soviet Union, communist governments endure in China, Cuba, North Korea, and Vietnam.  Predict what actions the United States might take to bring about a peaceful transition away from totalitarianism in those nations such as occurred in the Soviet Union and its sphere of influence.