Historical Thinking and Skills
Students apply skills by using a variety of resources to construct theses and support or refute contentions made by others. Alternative explanations of historical events are analyzed and questions of historical inevitability are explored.
1. Historical events provide opportunities to examine alternative courses of action.
By examining alternative courses of action, students can consider the possible consequences and outcomes of moments in history. It also allows them to appreciate the decisions of some individuals and the actions of some groups without putting 21st century values and interpretations on historic events.
How might the history of the world be different if the participants in historical events had taken different courses of action? What if Napoleon had not been defeated at Waterloo? What if England and France refused Hitler’s demands for the Sudetenland? What if Truman had not ordered atomic bombs dropped on Japan? What if South Africa had not instituted the policy of apartheid?
Expectations for Learning
Analyze a historical decision and predict the possible consequences of alternative courses of action.