The industrialized nations embarked upon a competition for overseas empires that had profound implications for the entire world. This “new imperialism” focused on the underdeveloped world and led to the domination and exploitation of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
10. Imperial expansion had political, economic and social roots.
By the early 20th century, many European nations as well as Japan extended their control over other lands and created empires. Their motivations had economic, political and social roots.
The political motivations for imperialism included the desire to appear most powerful, bolster nationalistic pride and provide security through the building of military bases overseas.
The economic motivations were tied to production and consumption of goods. There was a need for new markets, raw materials and outlets for population growth.
The social roots for imperial expansion included the vision of some that it was “the white man’s burden” to civilize those perceived as uncivilized. There also were humanitarian concerns and religious motivations.
Japanese leaders wanted to exert the power of Japan and confront Western imperialism by engaging in imperialist actions. Japan used its military might to establish footholds in Taiwan, China and Korea.
Expectations for Learning
Describe the political, economic and social roots of imperial expansion.