The Cold War (1945-1991)
Conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War overlapped with the era of decolonization and national liberation.
20. Religious diversity, the end of colonial rule and rising nationalism have led to regional conflicts in the Middle East.
The conflicts in the Middle East during the second half of the 20th century were the culmination of several factors that have deep roots in history. Contacts among major religions and religious sects (e.g., Shiites, Sunnis, Christians, Jews, Baha’is’) in the region have caused long-standing tensions and conflicts. Rebellions against colonial rule also caused tensions that resulted in conflict.
The rise in nationalism among Arab nations coincided with their opposition to the creation and presence of the modern state of Israel.
Expectations for Learning
Explain how religious diversity, the end of colonial rule and rising nationalism have led to regional conflicts in the Middle East.