W CS 21

The Cold War (1945-1991)

Conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War overlapped with the era of decolonization and national liberation.

Content Statement

21. Postwar global politics led to the rise of nationalist movements in Africa and Southeast Asia.

Content Elaborations

World War II had an important effect on Africa and Southeast Asia. Battles were fought on both continents. Many Africans and Asians in the colonies controlled by Britain and France were recruited to serve as soldiers. Following World War II, the oppression and exploitation in these colonies as well as the weaknesses of the colonial powers and the Cold War rivalries, helped unite different ethnic and religious groups in their struggles for independence.

The Négritude movement and Pan-African movement helped fuel nationalist efforts in Africa to end the colonial ties to the European colonizers.

In Southeast Asia, nationalists organized against colonial control and, in some cases, the American presence.

Expectations for Learning

Explain how postwar global politics led to the rise of nationalist movements in Africa and Southeast Asia.