The Cold War (1945-1991)
Conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War overlapped with the era of decolonization and national liberation.
22. Political and social struggles have resulted in expanded rights and freedoms for women and indigenous peoples.
The push for the expansion of rights and freedoms for women and indigenous groups during the second half of the 20th century was led by the efforts of human rights organizations and fueled by media coverage.
The struggle for women’s rights pressured more countries to extend educational opportunities, grant suffrage, and allow women to hold positions in government. Governments also were pressured to end discriminatory practices and violence against women (e.g., India, Afghanistan). However, there was resistance to reform in many countries.
The ending of apartheid in South Africa provided blacks the rights they had been denied. This was the result of political pressure within and outside the country.
Expectations for Learning
Explain examples of how political and social struggles have resulted in expanded rights and freedoms for women and indigenous peoples.