The global balance of power shifted with the end of the Cold War. Wars, territorial disputes, ethnic and cultural conflicts, acts of terrorism, advances in technology, expansion of human rights, and changes in the global economy present new challenges.
28. The rapid increase of global population coupled with an increase in life expectancy and mass migrations have created societal and governmental challenges.
The rapid increase of global population in the 20th and 21st centuries coupled with an increase in life expectancy has created societal and governmental challenges. The environmental impact has pressured governments to institute policies to reduce pollution and conserve resources.
In response to the population problem in China, the government instituted a one child per couple policy. The increase of the elderly has placed burdens on many countries to provide adequate health care.
Mass migrations have created societal and governmental challenges, including:
- Brain drain out of developing countries;
- Tension and conflict in some receiving countries
- (e.g., immigrants from North Africa and other Arab
- nations into Europe); and
- Illegal immigration (e.g., U.S., South Africa).
Expectations for Learning
Describe societal and governmental challenges resulting from the rapid increase of global population, increased life expectancy and mass migrations.