W CS 29

Globalization (1991-Present)

The global balance of power shifted with the end of the Cold War. Wars, territorial disputes, ethnic and cultural conflicts, acts of terrorism, advances in technology, expansion of human rights, and changes in the global economy present new challenges.

Content Statement

29. Environmental concerns, impacted by population growth and heightened by international competition for the world’s energy supplies, have resulted in a new environmental consciousness and a movement for the sustainability of the world’s resources.

Content Elaborations

World population growth and the competition for energy supplies have led to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions, the loss of tens of thousands of plant and wildlife species and the rapid decline of rainforests.

A new environmental consciousness and a movement for the sustainability of the world’s resources influenced the actions of:

  • Citizen organizations (e.g., Greenpeace, Save Our Environment, World Wildlife Fund, Save Our Earth); and
  • Government conferences (e.g., 1992 Earth Summit, 1997 Kyoto Protocol).

Expectations for Learning

Describe the reasons for the new environmental consciousness and movement for sustainability.