W CS 05

Age of Enlightenment (1600-1800)

The Age of Enlightenment developed from the Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries. A new focus on reasoning was used to understand social, political and economic institutions.

Content Statement

5. The Scientific Revolution impacted religious, political and cultural institutions by challenging how people viewed the world.

Content Elaborations

The Scientific Revolution marked a shift from the perception that truth is revealed solely through the Bible and the Church to the perception that truth could be learned through experience and investigation. It challenged religious teachings on the origins of the universe and explanations for natural phenomena. The Church reacted strongly against the scientists who challenged established beliefs.

The Scientific Revolution served as the beginning of the challenging of established ideologies, leading to the Enlightenment and eventually the political revolutions that took place in Western Europe and colonies beginning in the late 18th century.

The Scientific Revolution’s impact on cultural institutions included education. The number of scientific academies and museums grew with the support of monarchs. The Royal Society of London and the French Academy of Science helped establish the credibility of science as a discipline.

The scientific method paved the way for modern science. New scientific discoveries resulted from this new way of explaining natural phenomena impacting the study of anatomy, astronomy, mathematics, medicine.

Expectations for Learning

Describe how the Scientific Revolution’s impact on religious, political and cultural institutions challenged how people viewed the world.