W Unit 4 – Achievements and Crises (1900 – 1945)

Content Standard

W C S. 4 W C.S 13, W C.S. 14, W C.S. 15, W C.S. 16, W C.S. 17, W C.S. 1

Essential Questions

  • Did advancements between 1900-1945 in technology, communication, and transportation improve lives or have negative consequences?
  • How did the conditions in Europe after WWI lead to the rise of totalitarianism in Europe.
  • How did military spending, rivalries, competing for land around the world, intense nationalism, and the system of alliances set the stage for World War I?
  • Was the policy of appeasement effective?
  • How did the conditions following World War I lead to World War II?
  • How did Turkish nationalism lead to discrimination and oppression of Armenians?
  • How did anti-Semitism and conditions in Germany lead to the Holocaust?
  • What was the physical, cultural, social, and economic damage of World War II on Europe?
  • How did World War II lead to the occupation of Eastern Europe and Japan?
  • What started the atomic age?

Learning Targets

  1. Identify advances in technology, communication and transportation.
  2. Explain the impact of new technology on lives of people.
  3. Compare and contrast advantages and disadvantages of technology, communication and transportation.
  4. Know the four causes of the Great War.
  5. Explain reasons for military build-up.
  6. Compare advantages and disadvantages of alliances.
  7. Know the influence of Balkans on the start of the war.
  8. Explain how the consequences of World War I and the worldwide depression set the stage for the Russian revolution, the rise of totalitarianism, aggresive Axis expansion and the policy of appeasement.
  9. Know the people involved in the Russian Revolution.
  10. Identify events that caused the Russian Revolution.
  11. Explain how appeasement was used.
  12. Explain how and why oppression and discrimination resulted in genocide during WWI and WWII.
  13. Describe how WWII devastated Europe and Asia.



  • Appeasement
  • Oppression
  • Discrimination
  • Genocide
  • State-sponsored terrorism
  • Axis powers
  • Allied Powers
  • Atomic age
  • Entente
  • Armistice
  • Holocaust
  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Imperialism
  • Nationalism
  • Great Depression
  • New Deal
  • Totalitarian State
  • Self-determination
  • Isolationism
  • Propaganda

Learning Strategies

Photojournalism project – The Great Depression, Students will locate photos of the Great Depression in the U.S. and Europe and compare life in the Depression in Europe and the United States.


Weimar Republic Activity – Examine primary source documents: political cartoons, graphs, photographs and quotes from speeches.Students will visit learning stations and evaluate and analyze the information.

Glog Assignment 1- On the Battlefield-Glog will include vocabulary and new technologies used in WWI.

Glog Assignment 2 – At Home – Glog will include vocabulary and describe the types of roles of civilians on the homefront and government actions during the war.

Glog Assignment 3 – Around the Globe – Glog will include vocabulary and describe at least 2 events that occurred outside of Europe during WWI.

Students will create a videotaped newscast of a specific event of WWII including the devastation of Europe and Asia.

Japanese internment camp handout.

Students will analyze the use of atomic weapons to end WWII and the entrance to the atomic age. Students will view a video on the dropping of the bomb, read text and write a paragraph advising President Truman to drop the atomic bomb or continue with conventional warfare.

Wilson’s Fourteen Points – Using  maps compare the countries of Europe Pre WWI and Post WWII. Investigate the impact of Wilson’s proposals.




Hiroshima, John Hersey

Video:Clips from War Horse,, actual footage of WWII mobilization and battles. Boy in the Striped Pajamas